Julebukking is an old Norwegian tradition where people wearing masks and costumes (Julebukkers) go door to door, and neighbors attempt to identify who is under the disguise. Julebukkers will often disguise their voices and body language to further the masquerade. Offering people holiday treats and something to drink is customary. Once identities are known and the food is eaten, the Julebukkers continue to the next home.

In one version of Julebukking, people go from door to door singing carols. After they have sung, they are usually awarded with candy. Another tradition requires that at least one person from the visited household join the band of Julebukkers and continue to the next household. This tradition became what modern day carolers do by going house to house singing holiday songs.

The tradition of the Christmas buck (Julebukk) is believed to have originated in Norway, where heathens worshiped Thor, the god who traveled in his chariot drawn by two goats. During the Yule holiday, they would disguise their appearance by dressing in a goatskin and go from house to house carrying a goat head.

The Yule goat became one of the oldest Scandinavian and Northern European Yule symbols carried on into North America with immigrants who came and brought with them their rich traditions.. In Scandinavia, the figure of the julebukk is used as a common holiday tree ornament. It is often made out of straw, has a red ribbon around its neck.

Artwork: Marta Leonhardt

Thanks to Women of Asatru 


You may copy and share this but PLEASE give me the credit.

(Sung to “Away in a Manger”)

‘Tis the eve before Jultide,
Mothers Night it is called,
The house is swept clean,
And the cider is mulled.
The hearth fire is burning
On this Holy Night
When our Dísir come near
Drawn by warm fire light.

“Hail to Thee Frigga
Almother and friend!
Hail to Thee Freyja,
Thy love never ends!
And hail to Thee Sunna
Who brings us the sun
That warms the green Earth
Until day is done.

Hail our dear Mothers,
Who have passed into Hel,
We ask your protection
And to keep us from ill.
We remember your love
And support on this night
We beg for your guidance
‘tho you’ve passed from our sight.

Welcome blessed Mothers
Come in from the cold
Sit by a hearth fire
As you did from old
Come visit us now,
Share our cider and cheer
Please love us and hold us
‘til this time next year.

– 2013 Tom Heeter

Clearing Up Confusion About the Conversion of Europe

Excellent piece.

The Northern Grove

When people speak about conversion from the Old Religion to Christianity in Europe, they tend to use universal terms, as if it happened the same everywhere all at once. It didn’t.

There are a lot of generalizations and blatant falsities put forth from many different angles. Many Christians insist that conversion happened peacefully and voluntarily.  Many modern Pagans insist that all of conversion was bloody and forced.

What we need to remember is that the conversion of Europe occurred in a time span of over one thousand years.  The process happened differently in different areas.

Since this blog focuses on Northern Europe, defined by me as the area stretching from the British Isles to Russia, barring countries speaking a Romance language (sorry, France), I will not go into the very early Church in the Middle East and Mediterranean.

The Celts:

The  area where the biggest misunderstanding seems to lie is…

View original post 1,330 more words

24,000-Year-Old Body Shows Kinship to Europeans and American Indians



Scientists studied the genome of a boy buried near Lake Baikal in Siberia and were amazed to find partly European ancestry.


Published: November 20, 2013

The genome of a young boy buried at Mal’ta near Lake Baikal in eastern Siberia some 24,000 years ago has turned out to hold two surprises for anthropologists.

The first is that the boy’s DNA matches that of Western Europeans, showing that during the last Ice Age people from Europe had reached farther east across Eurasia than previously supposed. Though none of the Mal’ta boy’s skin or hair survives, his genes suggest he would have had brown hair, brown eyes and freckled skin.

The second surprise is that his DNA also matches a large proportion — about 25 percent — of the DNA of living Native Americans. The first people to arrive in the Americas have long been assumed to have descended from Siberian populations related to East Asians. It now seems that they may be a mixture between the Western Europeans who had reached Siberia and an East Asian population.

Read more here


The people who lived during the Bronze-Age in Europe have been portrayed as ignorant and uncivilized.   This disk was found buried with several other objects which have been dated somewhere between 1600 and 1560 BCE.



It is thought these items are associated with the Únětice culture, which included Czech, Slovakia, Moravia, Lower Austria, Central Germany, Lower Saxony, Lower Lusatia, Silesia, Greater Poland, and Western Ukraine tribes.

Although the other items are dated to 1600 BCE the Sky Disk probably is several generations older and predates Egyptian and Mesopotamian astronomy by hundreds of years. Our ancestors had studied the sky many years prior to this with temple/observatories like the Goseck circle…

in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany and the more famous Stonehenge…


in Wiltshire, England.

What makes the Nebra Sky Disk so extraordinary is that it was the first ever portable navigating system. This astral chart allowed Neolithic man to determine when a religious ceremony was due, how to navigate the seas, or when to harvest his crops.